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Brachot List

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You can use this list of common foods to determine the correct brachot (blessings) on the foods you eat. Provided by the rabbis of OU Kosher, the largest American kosher certification agency. Click here to learn more about the meaning behind brachot and the text of the brachot.

 

Food Bracha Rishona Bracha Achrona  Comments

Baked Goods

   

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Eclair Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Angel Food Cake Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Apple Cake Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Apple Strudel Mezonot Al Hamichya As with all cakes, the dough is considered the primary ingredient and only Mezonot is necessary (Mishnah Berurah 212:1), even if there is less dough than apple, and even if the cake is eaten mainly because of the apple. To say an Al Hamichya one must eat a kezayit of cake within a kdei achilat pras (2-9 minutes). Otherwise, one says a Borei Nefashot. On the other hand, if there is merely a thin strip of dough, which is intended just to help you handle all the apple, the dough becomes subordinate to the apple and only Ha'eitz.
Bagel Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Bread Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Brownies Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Bun (Bread) Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Bun (Cake) Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Butter Cookies Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Cake Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Cheesecake Mezonot Al Hamichya As with all cakes, the dough is considered the primary ingredient and only Mezonot is necessary (Mishnah Berurah 212:1), even if there is less dough than cheese, and even if the cake is eaten mainly because of the cheese. However, to say an Al Hamichya one must eat a k'zayit of cake within a kdei achilat pras (2-9 minutes). Otherwise, one says a Borei Nefashot. On the other hand, if there is merely a thin strip of dough, which is intended just to help you handle all the cheese, the dough becomes subordinate to the cheese and only Shehakol need be said.
Cherry Pie or Cake Mezonot Al Hamichya To say an Al Hamichya one must eat a k'zayit of cake within a kdei achilat pras (2-9 minutes).
Chocolate Éclair Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Chocolate Cake Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Coffee Cake Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Cookies Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Corn Bread Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Corn Muffin (no wheat) Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Corn Muffin (with wheat) Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Cracked Wheat Bread Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Crackers Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Cupcake Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Date Bread Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Devil's Food Cake Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Doughnut Mezonot Al Hamichya  
English Muffin Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Ezekiel Bread Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
French Bread Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
French Toast Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Fruit Cake Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Garlic Bread Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Gingerbread Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Graham Crackers Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Granola Bar Ha'adama Borei Nefashot Shulchan Aruch writes that there is stringency to try avoid eating a k’zayit of the five grains when they are ha-adamah, but if one did they say Borei Nefashot.
Griddle Cakes Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Hamantaschen Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Honey Cake Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Italian Bread Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Knish Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Kugel - made from potatoes or vegetables Ha'adama Borei Nefashot As per Rav Belsky, OU posek (halacha authority) bracha rishona is ha-adamah even if made from potato flour, since today most potatoes are processed into flakes and flour. (See Mishnah Berurah 202:42-44.)
Kugel - made from rice Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Kugel - made from challah or lokshen Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Macaron Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Macaroon Shehakol Borei Nefashot Unless made with flour of one of the five grains, in which case Mezonot is required.
Matzo Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Melba Toast Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Mezonot Bread or Roll Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Mince Pie Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Muffin Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Napoleon Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Onion Bread or Roll Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Onion Crackers Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Pastry Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Peach Pie Mezonot Al Hamichya As with all cakes, the dough is considered the primary ingredient and only Mezonot is necessary (Mishnah Berurah 212:1), even if there is less dough than peaches, and even if the cake is eaten mainly because of the peaches. However, to say an Al Hamichya one must eat a kezayit of cake within a kdei achilat pras (2-9 minutes). Otherwise, one says a Borei Nefashot. On the other hand, if there is merely a thin strip of dough, which is intended just to help you handle all the peaches, the dough becomes subordinate to the peaches and only Ha'eitz need be said.
Pie Mezonot Al Hamichya As with all cakes, the dough is considered the primary ingredient and only Mezonot is necessary (Mishnah Berurah 212:1), even if there is less dough than pie filling, and even if the cake is eaten mainly because of the pie filling. However, to say an Al Hamichya one must eat a kezayit of cake within a kdei achilat pras (2-9 minutes). Otherwise, one says a Borei Nefashot. On the other hand, if there is merely a thin strip of dough, which is intended just to help you handle all the pie filling, the dough becomes subordinate to the filling and only Ha'eitz need be said.
Pie Crust Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Plum Pie Mezonot Al Hamichya As with all cakes, the dough is considered the primary ingredient and only Mezonot is necessary (Mishnah Berurah 212:1), even if there is less dough than plums, and even if the cake is eaten mainly because of the plums. However, to say an Al Hamichya one must eat a kezayit of cake within a kdei achilat pras (2-9 minutes). Otherwise, one says a Borei Nefashot. On the other hand, if there is merely a thin strip of dough, which is intended just to help you handle all the plums, the dough becomes subordinate to the plums and only Ha'eitz need be said.

Pound Cake

Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Pretzels Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Pumpernickel Bread Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Pumpkin Pie Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Raisin Bread Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Raisin Cake Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Rice Kugel Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Roll Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Rye Bread Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Sandwich (bread) Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Soft Pretzels Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Sponge Cake Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Strawberry Shortcake Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Strudel Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Toast (bread) Hamotzi    
Tortilla Shehakol Borei Nefashot Since it is made of maize flour.
Waffle Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Wheat Bread Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Wheat Cakes Mezonot Al Hamichya  
White Bread Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Whole Wheat Bread Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Wraps Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon If one were to eat a plain wrap (unfilled) then it would be mezonos. Because it is not the way people eat this, this is a chisaron in the tzuras hapas. But if one were to eat a filled wrap with tuna or cheese etc… then the proper bracha would be Hamotzi.
Zwieback Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Beverages     Back to Top ^^
Alcoholic Beverages (except grape wine) Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Ale Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Apple Juice/Cider Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Beer Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Blackberry Brandy Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Bourbon Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Blackberry Brandy Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Brandy Shehakol Borei Nefashot Even though it is made from wine, since it is distilled, it becomes Shehakol.
Buttermilk Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Carbonated Soda Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Carbonated Water Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Champagne Hagafen Al Hagafen  
Chocolate Milk Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Cider Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Cocktail Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Cocoa Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Coffee Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Cognac Shehakol Borei Nefashot Even though it is made from wine, since it is distilled, it becomes Shehakol.
Cola Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Cranberry Juice Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Ginger Ale Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Grape Juice/ Wine Hagafen Al Hagafen  
Grapefruit Juice Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Hot Chocolate Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Iced Coffee Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Iced Milk Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Iced Tea Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Lemon Juice Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Lemonade Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Lime Juice Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Limeade Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Liqueur Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Milk Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Orange Juice Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Pineapple Juice Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Prune Juice Shehakol Borei Nefashot Since most plums are no longer grown for the purpose of making juice the bracha is Shehakol.
Raisin Wine Hagafen Al Hagafen  
Root Beer Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Scotch Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Seltzer Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Soda (all flavors) Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Soda Water Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Tea Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Tomato Juice Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Water Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Whiskey Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Wine (grape) Hagafen Al Hagafen  
Fruit & Nuts     Back to Top ^^
Almond Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Apple Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Apricot Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Avocado Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Banana Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Blackberry Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot (See Igrot Moshe, Orach Chaim 85). See OU Guide for Checking Fruits and Vegetables page 45.
Blueberry Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot See OU Guide for Checking Fruits and Vegetables page 46.
Cantaloupe Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Cashew Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Cherry Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Chestnut Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Clementine Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Coconut Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Cranberry Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot They grow from small bushes in a bog.
Currant Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Date Ha'eitz Al Ha'eitz  
Etrog Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot If prepared in a tasty manner, since otherwise it is not fit for consumption.
Fig Ha'eitz Al Ha'eitz  
Gooseberry Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Grape Ha'eitz Al Ha'eitz  
Grapefruit Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Guava Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Hazelnut Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Honeydew Melon Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Kiwi Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Mango Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Melon Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Nectarine Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Orange Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Orange Peel (even if candied) Shehakol Borei Nefashot (See Mishna Berura 202:39, Chazon Ish, Orach Chaim 33b)
Papaya Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Peach Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Peanut Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Pear Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Pecan Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Peel (of Fruits) Shehakol Borei Nefashot If part of fruit is attached to peel Ha'eitz is made.
Persimmon Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Pineapple Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Pistachio Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Plum Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Pomegranate Ha'eitz Al Ha'eitz  
Prune Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Pumpkin Seed Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Quince Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Raisin Ha'eitz Al Ha'eitz  
Raspberry Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot See OU Guide for Checking Fruits and Vegetables page 47.
Rhubarb Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Strawberry (both wild and cultivated) Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot (See Igrot Moshe, Orach Chaim 86). See OU Guide for Checking Fruits and Vegetables page 48.
Tangerine Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Walnut Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Watermelon Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Desserts & Snacks     Back to Top ^^
Almonds Sugar Coated Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot Since the sugar coating is subordinate to the almond, even if the amount of sugar is greater than the volume of the almond (Eliyahu Raba 204:17; P’ri Megadim, Mechaber 202:13).
Apple Sauce Shehakol Borei Nefashot Shehakol is to be said if the apples are totally pureed. This applies mostly to commercially available canned or bottled apple sauce. However, Ha'eitz applies for homemade applesauce where the applesauce is chunky.
Baked Apple Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Banana Split - For the banana Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot Both brachot must be said because neither part of the food is subordinate to the other.
Banana Split - For the ice cream Shehakol Borei Nefashot Both brachot must be said because neither part of the food is subordinate to the other.
Boston Cream Pie Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Candy (hard) Shehakol Borei Nefashot Borei Nefashot is only said if one eats a k’zayit within a kdei achillat pras (2-9 minutes) which usually is not the case.
Chocolate Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Chocolate Cream Pie Mezonot Al Hamichya Provided the flour is made of any of the Five Principal Species. Al Hamichya is only said if a k’zayit of flour was consumed within a kdei achillat pras (2-9 minutes).
Chocolate Fudge Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Coconut Cream Pie Mezonot Al Hamichya Provided the flour is made of any of the Five Principal Species. Al Hamichya is only said if a k’zayit of flour was consumed within a kdei achillat pras (2-9 minutes).
Corn Chips Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Cotton Candy Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Custard Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Custard Pie Mezonot Al Hamichya Provided the flour is made of any of the Five Principal Species. Al Hamichya is only said if a k’zayit of flour was consumed within a kdei achillat pras (2-9 minutes).
Gelatin-type dessert Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Gum Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Gum Drops Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Halavah Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Honey Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Ice Cream Shehakol Borei Nefashot Even if ice cream is eaten on a cone, only Shehakol is necessary, since the cone is eaten only because of the ice cream and is clearly subordinate to it. Its purpose is actually not so much to be eaten as to hold the ice cream and to prevent the hands from becoming soiled (see Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 212b; Mishnah Berurah 212:5, Kaf Hachaim 15). However, if you specifically use a sugar cone because you enjoy eating it, Mezonot must also be said before eating the cone.
Ices Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Jam Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Jelly Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Ketchup Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Licorice Extract Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Licorice Root (natural) Shehakol Borei Nefashot Shehakol should be said (see Chayei Adam 51:15; Mishnah Berurah 202:76).
Licorice Stick Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Marshmallow Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Marzipan Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Milkshake Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Mints Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Napoleon Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Peanut Butter and Jelly Sandwich Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon  
Peanut Butter Creamy or Chunky Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Pie Mezonot Al Hamichya As with all cakes, the dough is considered the primary ingredient and only Mezonot is necessary (Mishnah Berurah 212:1), even if there is less dough than pie filling, and even if the cake is eaten mainly because of the pie filling. However, to say an Al Hamichya one must eat a k'zayit of cake within a kdei achilat pras (2-9 minutes). Otherwise, one says a Borei Nefashot. On the other hand, if there is merely a thin strip of dough, which is intended just to help you handle all the pie filling, the dough becomes subordinate to the filling and only Ha'eitz need be said.
Popcorn Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Potato Chips Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Pringles Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot As per Rav Belsky, since today most potatoes are processed into flakes and flour. (See Mishnah Berurah 202:42-44)
Pudding Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Rice Pudding Mezonot Borei Nefashot  
Rock Candy Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Sherbet Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Stewed Prunes Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Strawberry Shortcake Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Strudel Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Sugar Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Sundae Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Syrup Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Dairy Foods     Back to Top ^^
American Cheese Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Buttermilk Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Cheese Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Cheese Blintzes Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Chocolate Milk Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Cottage Cheese Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Cream Cheese Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Cream with Fruit See Comment Borei Nefashot If the fruit is the main part - Ha'eitz . If the cream is the main part - Shehakol.
Custard Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Farmer Cheese Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Ice Cream Shehakol Borei Nefashot Even if ice cream is eaten in a cone, only Shehakol is necessary, since the cone is eaten only because of the ice cream and is clearly subordinate to it. Its purpose is actually not so much to be eaten as to hold the ice cream and to prevent the hands from becoming soiled (see Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 212b; Mishnah Berurah 212:5; Kaf Hachaim 15). However, if you specifically use a sugar cone because you enjoy eating it, Mezonot must also be said before eating the cone.
Macaroni and Cheese Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Malted Milk Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Milk Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Milkshake Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Pizza (Meal) Hamotzi Birkat Hamazon It is Pat Haba'ah B'kisnin. If two slices are eaten without other foods this would constitute a Keviat Seudah for an obligation of Birkat Hamazon. If pizza is eaten with other foods, such as french fries and salad, whatever amount of bread a person would usually eat at a similar meal with other foods would constitute Keviat Seudah of pizza even if less than two slices are eaten.
Pizza (Snack) Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Shamenet Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Skim Milk Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Sour Cream or Milk Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Sweet Cream Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Swiss Cheese Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Welsh Rarebit Shehakol Borei Nefashot By itself. When eaten together with toast - Hamotzi is said followed by Birkat Hamazon.
Whipped Cream Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Yogurt Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Vegetables & Herbs     Back to Top ^^
Arbes Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Artichoke Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Asparagus Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Aubergine Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Baked Beans Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Beans Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Beets Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Broccoli Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Brussel Sprouts Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Cabbage Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Carrots Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Cauliflower Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Celery Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Chickpeas Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Chives Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Cinnamon Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot (See Sefer Halacha 1:29a)
Cole Slaw Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Coriander Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Corn on the Cob Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot Indian corn, or maize (i.e., the type that grows on the cob) is not one of the Five Principal Species.
Cucumber Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Cucumber Salad Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Dill Pickle Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Edamame Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Eggplant Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Escarole Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
French Fried Potatoes Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Garlic See Comment Borei Nefashot If eaten raw or boiled- Shehakol. Fried in oil - Ha-adamah (Mishnah Berurah 205:7; Igrot Moshe, Orach Chaim I:64).
Gherkin Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Ginger, if raw or dry and candied Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Green Beans Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Green Pepper Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Hearts of Palm Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Kidney Beans Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Lentils (cooked) Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Lettuce Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Lima Beans Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Maize Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Mashed Potatoes Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Mushroom Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Mustard Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Nahit (chickpeas) Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Nutmeg (ripe) Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Olive Ha'eitz Al Ha'eitz  
Onion, only if fried Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Onion, raw See comment Borei Nefashot Red onions which are normally eaten raw - Ha-adamah. If the onion is normally fried to be eaten - Shehakol.
Parsley Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Parsnip Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Peas Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Pickles Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Potato Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Potato Blintzes Mezonot Al Hamichya Provided the ingredients include flour made with one or more of the Five Principal Species.
Potato Knish Mezonot Al Hamichya Provided the ingredients include flour made with one or more of the Five Principal Species.
Potato Kugel (homemade) Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Potato Kugel (made from potato flour) Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot As per Rav Belsky, since today most potatoes are processed into flakes and flour. (See Mishnah Berurah 202:42-44)
Potato Latkes (from potato flour) Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot As per Rav Belsky, since today most potatoes are processed into flakes and flour. (See Mishnah Berurah 202:42-44)
Potato Latkes (from real potatoes) Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot If a substantial amount of flour of the Five Principal Species is used, Mezonot is required.
Potato Salad Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Potatoes, Instant Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot As per Rav Belsky, since today most potatoes are processed into flakes and flour. (See Mishnah Berurah 202:42-44)
Potatoes, Mashed Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Radish Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Salad, Vegetable Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Schav Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Soya Beans Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Spices Shehakol Borei Nefashot No bracha if inedible
Spinach Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Sprouts Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Squash Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
String Beans Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Sweet Potato Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Tomato Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Turnip Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Tzibeles (fried onions) Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Tzimmes Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Yam Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Soups     Back to Top ^^
Barley Soup Mezonot Al Hamichya To say an Al Hamichya one must eat a k'zayit of barley within a kdei achilat pras (2-9 minutes). Otherwise, one says a Borei Nefashot.
Bean Soup Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Borsht (with or without potato) Ha'adamah
 
Borei Nefashot  
Bouillon Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Broth Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Cabbage Soup Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Chicken Soup (plain) Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Chicken Soup (with kneidlach or noodles) Mezonot + Shehakol Al Hamichya & Borei Nefashot  
Consommé Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Corn Soup Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Fruit Soup (if made with fruit requiring Ha'adamah) Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Fruit Soup (If made with fruit requiring Ha'eitz) Ha'eitz Borei Nefashot  
Lentil Soup Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Mushroom and Barley Soup Mezonot Al Hamichya To say an Al Hamichya one must eat a k'zayit of barley within a kdei achilat pras (2-9 minutes). Otherwise, one says a Borei Nefashot.
Mushroom Soup Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Noodle Soup Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Onion Soup Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Pea Soup Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Rice Soup Mezonot Borei Nefashot  
Tomato Rice Soup See Comment Borei Nefashot If the main intention is the rice then one would say Mezonot, if one's main intention is the tomato, one would say Ha-adamah.
Tomato Soup Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Vegetable Soup Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Meat, Fish, & Eggs     Back to Top ^^
Beef Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Beef Stew Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Bologna Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Carp Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Chicken Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Chicken Fricassee Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Chicken Salad Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Chili Con Carne Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Chopped Liver Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Corned Beef Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Derma (Stuffed Kishke) Mezonot Al Hamichya Since the ingredients include flour made from one or more of the Five Principal Species.
Duck Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Egg Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Egg Salad Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Fish Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Fishcake, Fishstick Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Frankfurter (without bun) Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Gefilte Fish Shehakol Borei Nefashot Although gefilte fish may be prepared with bread crumbs or matza flour, their purpose is just to hold the ground fish and other ingredients together. Thus, only Shehakol need be said. (See also Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 208b, and Mishnah Berurah 208:8).
Hamburger (without bun) Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Herring Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Hotdog (without bun) Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Knish with Meat Mezonot Al Hamichya Provided the ingredients include flour made with one of the Five Principal Species. However, to say an Al Hamichya one must eat a k'zayit of dough within a kdei achilat pras (2-9 minutes).
Lamb Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Lamb Chops, Stew Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Liver Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Liverwurst Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Lox Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Meat Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Meatballs Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Meatloaf Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Minced Meat Pie Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Mushroom Omelet Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Omelet Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Pastrami Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Pickled Herring Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Pot Roast Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Roast Beef Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Salami Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Salmon Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Sardines Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Scrambled Eggs Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Smoked Herring Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Smoked Salmon Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Spanish Omelet Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Steak Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Tongue Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Tuna Fish Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Tuna Fish Salad Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Turkey Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Veal Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Veal Cutlets Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Whitefish Shehakol Borei Nefashot  
Grains & Grain Products     Back to Top ^^
Bran Flakes Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Buckwheat (Kashe) Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot Buckwheat is not a kind of wheat, nor is it even one of the Five Principal Species. It is a legume. Therefore, neither Mezonot nor Hamotzi can be said over a product of buckwheat unless one of the Five Principal Species, such as wheat flour, even only in part, has been added to it. Thus, if you eat buckwheat alone, only Ha-adamah is said (see Igrot Moshe, Orach Chaim 65).
Buckwheat Muffins (with Flour of Five Principal Species) Mezonot Al Hamichya Al Hamichya if k'zayit of Five Principal Species flour eaten within a kdei achillat pras (2-9 minutes). Otherwise one says Borei Nefashot.
Buckwheat Muffins (without Flour of Five Principal Species) Shehakol Borei Nefashot Shehakol because buckwheat no longer has its original form.
Buckwheat Pancakes Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Chowmein Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Corn Grits (cooked) Shehakol Borei Nefashot Shehakol because the corn disintegrates and loses its shape. Does not contain wheat flour.
Dumpling Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Farfel Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Farina Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Groats (see Buckwheat) Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Kashe (see Buckwheat) Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Kashe Varnishkes Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Kishke Mezonot Al Hamichya Provided the ingredients include flour made of any of the Five Principal Species.
Kneidlach Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Kreplach Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Lokshen Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Macaroni Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Matza Ball Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Matza Brei Mezonot Al Hamichya Provided that none of the pieces of matza is as large as a k'zayit (i.e., about one-third of a matza). If even one piece is that large, then Hamotzi is required.
Noodle Pudding Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Noodles Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Noodles for Pesach Shehakol Borei Nefashot Since they do not contain flour made from the Five Principal Species.
Oatmeal Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Pancakes Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Pasta Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Porridge Mezonot Al Hamichya  
Puffed Wheat Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot Iggerot Moshe O.C. IV:45 says that either Haodamah or Mezonot may be recited.
Quinoa Ha'adamah Borei Nefashot  
Rice Mezonot Borei Nefashot  
Spaghetti Mezonot Al Hamichya  

 

Adapted with permission from our partner OU Kosher.

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