1. Combine all ingredients except the salmon and the cloves in a medium pot. Bring to a boil and cook for 15 minutes. Taste the mixture. It should be sweet and sour. If necessary, add more vinegar or sugar, or lemon juice, to taste.
2. Add the salmon and cook for 25 minutes. Remove from heat and add the cloves. Let sit for an hour to cool.
3. Discard the onion and the liquid, but save the rest to decorate the plate. Rebbetzin Halberstam used the bay leaves, peppercorns, lemon, carrot, and cloves to design flowers.